The beauty of the West Lake

The beauty of the West Lake lies in a lingering charm that survives the change of seasons in a year, of hours in a day, and of different weathers. Ancient people praised the lake as a “home of hundreds of tourist sites where you get intoxicated all the time”. To demonstrate its beauty, the lake offers 10 most famous scenes as Spring Dawn at Su Causeway, Melting Snow at Broken Bridge, Sunset Glow over Leifeng Hill, Lotus in the Breeze at Crooked Courtyard, Autumn Moon on Calm Lake, Listening to Orioles Singing in the Willows, Viewing Fish at Flowers Pond, Evening Bell at Nanping Hill, Three Pools Mirroring the Moon, Twin Peaks Piercing the Clouds. No wonder the Song Dynasty poet Su Shi compared the Lake to Xizi, a Chinese Cleopatra: “Ripping water shimmering on sunny day, Misty mountains wonder in the rain, Plain or gaily decked out like Xizi, the West Lake is always alluring”. So the lake is also known as Xizi Lake.

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The West Lake landscape is an exceptional testimony to the very specific cultural tradition of improving landscapes to create a series of ‘pictures’ that reflect what was seen as a perfect fusion between people and nature, a tradition that evolved in the Tang and Song Dynasties and has continued its relevance to the present day. The ‘improved’ West Lake, with its exceptional array of man-made causeways, islands, bridges, gardens, pagodas and temples, against a backdrop of the wooded hills, can be seen as an entity that manifests this tradition in an outstanding way.

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The West Lake is a like a shining pearl inlaid on the vast land of China, reputed for beautiful scenery, a multitude of historical sites, brilliant cultural relics, and a profusion of native products. Legend has it that the West Lake was a heavenly jewel fallen to earth. Pragmatists insist that it is a mere lagoon on Hangzhou’s western fringe. In any case, West Lake has inspired painters for centuries.

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The Siling Lake lies at an altitude of 4530 meters in Tibet

In Tibet, there are many such lakes with paleo-shorelines that can be used for reconstructions of climate history. Despite the fact that many paleo-shorelines are well preserved in Tibet, dating them has been seriously hindered by various difficulties.

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The Siling Lake  lies at an altitude of 4530 meters. It is a salt lake. It is fed by the rivers Za’gya Zangbo (扎加藏布) and the Boques Tsangpo (波曲藏布). With an area of 1865 square kilometers, Siling Co is the second largest saltwater lake in the northern Tibetan Plateau and forms part of the Siling Co National Nature Reserve (also Selincuo Reserve or Xainza Nature Reserve). The 400,000 hectare reserve was established in 1993 and contains significant populations of black-necked cranes and some 120 species of birds in total. The lake itself, however, only has a single species, Gymnocypris selincuoensis, exploited by fishermen. The prairie on the banks of the lake is traditionally used as grazing land for yaks and sheep.

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The areas of Selincuo Lake are larger than that of Namucuo Lake, and it becomes the largest saltwater lake in Tibet autonomous region now. The increases of air temperature and surface temperature lead to ice and snow melting, permafrost melting, which are the main reasons resulting in the lake rising. The above analysis shows that EOS/MODIS data are suitable to discuss the areas changes of lakes.

Naimona’nyi Peak stands by Lake Manasarovar

Naimona’nyi Peak stands by Lake Manasarovar. It has an altitude of 7694 meters. It is the fifth highest mountain among the five Goddess Mountains of Himalayas. It is regarded as a holy mountain which controls the intelligence and life span by Tibetans.

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Naimona’nyi Peak has six main mountain ridges and there are dozens of mountains with an altitude of more than 6000 meters on these ridges. The cliffs here are pretty precipitous and there is an arête with a height difference of 2000 meters on the east side of Naimona’nyi Peak. There are five magnificent giant glaciers w on the west of the peak.

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Naimona’nyi Peak was opened as a mountaineering region and scientific research area in 1980s. The geologic investigation and some mountaineering activities organized by Sino-foreign joint mountaineering team were held here. In 1985, the Sino-Japan Joint Mountaineering Team conquered Naimona’nyi Peak successfully.

Mount Kailash is a peak in the Kailas Range

  Mount Kailash is a peak in the Kailas Range (Gangdisê Mountains), which are part of the Transhimalaya in Tibet. It lies near the source of some of the longest rivers in Asia: the Indus River, the Sutlej River (a major tributary of the Indus River), the Brahmaputra River, and the Karnali River (a tributary of the Ganges River). It is considered a sacred place in four religions: B?n, Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism. The mountain lies near Lake Manasarowar and Lake Rakshastal in Tibet.

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  The roof of the world’s most prestigious mountain Gangrenboqi stands Champlain County in Tibet’s Ngari area, stretching in the triple border of China, India, Nepal,  known as “Ali summit” Fitch said. Kangrinboqe big mountains of the main peak of Mount Kailash, surrounded by 72 kilometers a week, the peak shape of the pyramid (Tibetan like “stone-handle”), the walls are very symmetrical. Can be seen from the south looked it famous logo: the huge ice slot down from peak vertical and a horizontal rock layers Buddhist million words grid (the Buddhist spiritual strength, meaning Dharma perpetuating represents good luck and the Republic for which it stands) . Gangrenboqi peak is often the clouds shrouded, locals believe that if they can see the summit of the mountain is a very lucky thing.

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  Hindus regard the peak as Shiva’s symbolic ‘Lingam’and worship Mt Kailash, which is the Sanskrit name for the mountain. Bonpos believe the sacred mountain to be the place where the founder of the Bon religion landed when he descended from the sky. Tibetan Buddhists believe Kang Rinpoche, which means Precious Snow Mountain, is a natural mandala representing the Buddhist cosmology on the earth and the Jains believe this is the place where their religion’s founder was spiritually awakened.

Lake Manasa Sarovar is a place of pilgrimage

  It lies about 20 km (12.43 mi.) southeast of Mt. Kailash. It means ‘Invincible Jade Lake’ in Tibetan. The name originates from a story that Buddhism wins a victory against Bon in a religious match beside the lake. It is the same ‘Jade Pool of Western Kingdom’ described by the high monk Xuanzang of the Tang Dynasty (618-907) in his Westward Diary.

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  As per Hindu theology, Lake Manasa Sarovar is a personification of purity, and one who drinks water from the lake will go to the Abode of Lord Shiva after death. He is believed to be cleansed of all his sins committed over even a hundred lifetimes.
  Like Mount Kailash, Lake Manasa Sarovar is a place of pilgrimage, attracting religious people from India, Nepal, Tibet and the neighboring countries. Bathing in the Manasa Sarovar and drinking its water is believed to cleanse all sins. Pilgrimage tours are organized regularly, especially from India, the most famous of which is the Kailash Manasa Sarovar Yatra which takes place every year. Pilgrims come to take ceremonial baths in the cleansing waters of the lake.

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  Manasasarovar lake has long been viewed by the pilgrims as being nearby to the sources of four of the greatest rivers of Asia, namely the Brahmaputra, Karnali, Indus and Sutlej. Thus it is an axial point which has been thronged to by pilgrims for thousands of years. The region was initially closed to pilgrims from the outside; no foreigners were allowed between 1949 and 1980. After the 1980s it has again become a part of the Indian pilgrim trail.
  According to the Hindu religion, the lake was first created in the mind of the Lord Brahma after which it manifested on Earth. Hence, in Sanskrit it is called “Manas sarovara”, which is a combination of the words manas (mind) and sarovara (lake). The lake, in Hindu religious belief, is also supposed to be the summer abode of the Hamsa goose. Considered to be sacred, the Hamsa is an important element in the symbology of the subcontinent, representing wisdom and beauty.

Yueyaquan is a crescent-shaped lake in an oasis

  Yueyaquan is a crescent-shaped lake in an oasis, 6 km south of the city of Dunhuang in Gansu Province, China. It was named Yueyaquan in the Qing Dynasty. According to measurements made in 1960, the average depth of the lake was 4 to 5 meters, with a maximum depth of 7.5 metres (25 ft) In the following 40 years, the depth of the lake continually declined. In the early 1990s, its area had shrunk to only 1.37 acres (5,500 m2) with an average depth of 0.9 meter (maximum 1.3 meter).

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  In 2006, the local government with help of the central government started to fill the lake and restore its depth; its depth and size have been growing yearly since then. The lake and the surrounding deserts are very popular with tourists, who are offered camel and 4×4 rides.
  You may be wondering how this desert wonder formed. Research has discovered that in this special crescent landform the wind created this depression, as the cross-ventilated theory states, the falling sands from the surrounding mountains would be sent back to the other side of nearby Echoing-Sand Mountains. Thus, the sands do not smother the spring. And this particular earth movement keeps the sand dunes and spring eternally in a harmonious and almost paradoxical existence.

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  Tourists ride camels at the scenic spot of Crescent Lake in Dunhuang City, northwest China’s Gansu Province, October 4, 2012. Dunhuang, a major stop on the ancient Silk road well known for its Mogao Caves (Caves of 1,000 Buddhas), Crescent Lake and Mingsha Mountain, has attracted large numbers of tourists from both home and abroad during the National Day holiday.

The oldest gardens are probably the Mountain Villa with Embracing Beauty in Suzhou

  The oldest gardens are probably the Mountain Villa with Embracing Beauty, whose origins go back to the end of the 16th century. Although it covers less than 500 m2 it is intensively detailed, with high peaks rising to 7 m, dells, paths, caves, stone houses, ravines, precipices, ridges and cliff.

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  Celebrated for its wonderful limestone mountain, the Mountain Villa with Embracing Beauty, covering only 2,180 square meters, enjoys the same reputation as other famous garden in China. According to the historical records, the limestone mountain was designed and piled up by the great Qing master Gu Yuliang (1764 A.D–1830 A.D). Within an area of less than 500 square meters, the man-made mountain seems to be spontaneous an uncontrived, possessing high peaks about 7M), dells, pathways, carverns, stone houses, stone teps, ravines, precipices, gullies, bridges and cliffs. Like a free hand brushwork in Chinese painting characterized by vivid expression and bold outline, it ranks first among all existing man-made mountains in Chinese gardens. More information about China Tour in chinatourguide.com.

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  The name of this garden during the ownership of King Qian of Guangling, in the period of the Five Dynasties, was Jingu garden . During the late Daoguang period of the Qing dynasty, the garden belonged to Mr Wang, and was called the Yi Garden. The garden’s area is not large – 0.1 hectare. The entire garden is based on mountains, with ponds added,and fully embodies a Suzhou garden’s splendour of piling rocks and dividing waters. It has a small area, and contains the aesthetic artistic conception of Chinese traditional mountain and water paintings and poetry. The structural characteristics of the artistic conception of a classical Chinese garden are thus: In reality there is emptiness, and emptiness derives from reality. As one pavilion and one garden can create a limitless space by use of a special environment, thus giving a rich experience, the artistic handling of a garden’s mountains and waters condences the splendour of natural mountains and waters, giving the feeling of vastness, endlessness and magnificence.
  The rockery of the Mountain Villa with Embracing Beauty exempliefies this succesfully. Even though this rockery only occupies 0.033 hectare, with a height of less than 7 metres, it embodies the feeling of multiple mountains, expressing mountain-like sceneries of rolling hills and steep cliffs, precipices, twisting ravines, deep valleys, etc. This rockery is a miniature of high mountain ridges, famous rivers and great mountains.