Barkhor is the road tramped out around Jokhang Temple through centuries

Barkhor is the road which pilgrims tramped out around Jokhang Temple through centuries. Buddhist pilgrims walk or progress by body-lengths along the street clockwise every day into deep night. They comprise most of Lhasa‘s floating population. Careful visitors may find there are 4 columns, on which colorful scripture streamers are hung flying over the street. All pilgrims walk outside of them to show respect. The custom started in Tubo period (633- 877).

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Over time side streets, lanes and alleys were added and the Barkhor Square. Today the pilgrims are still circumambulating the temple and the surrounding area has become a major tourist destination. This is the best place to see Lhasa’s traditional Tibetan architecture and the streets are lined by small shops selling Tibetan souvenirs such as prayer wheels, the tradition Tibetan long-sleeve ‘chuba’, Tibetan knives, jade jewellery, Buddhist statues and other religious artefacts. It is also the place to find ‘Thangka’ or Tibetan scroll paintings with themes of religion, history, literature, etc.

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Tips:
1. You should walk in a clockwise direction along the street.
2. It is better not stay too late there. Because there are many lanes there, it’s easy to lose your way in the evening.
3. Different vendors may sell the same thing at different price. So you’d better ask several vendors and get more information of the articles. Of course, you should also know how to bargain with them.
4. According to the tradition of Tibet, the vendor will give a favorable price to the first customer and the last one in a day.

Potala Palace was originally built more than 1,300 years ago

Potala Palace was originally built more than 1,300 years ago in the 7th century. Because of the damage made by a war, the structure was rebuilt in the 17th century by the Fifth Dalai Lama. Repeated repairs and expansions until 1645 finally brought the palace to its present scale.

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The marvelousPotala Palace is made of wood and stones. The walls are all made of granite, and the roofs are all made of wood. The overhanging eaves, the upturned roof corners, the gilded brass tiles and pillars all inscribed with Buddhist scriptures, bottles, and makara fish as well as the gold-winged bird decoration the roof ridges contribute much to the beauty of the hip-an-gable roofs.
The building measures 400 metres east-west and 350 metres north-south, with sloping stone walls averaging 3 m. thick, and 5 m. (more than 16 ft) thick at the base, and with copper poured into the foundations to help proof it against earthquakes. Thirteen stories of buildings – containing over 1,000 rooms, 10,000 shrines and about 200,000 statues – soar 117 metres (384 ft) on top of Marpo Ri, the “Red Hill”, rising more than 300 m (about 1,000 ft) in total above the valley floor.

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Potala Palace has the implementation of pre-integrated ticketing system restricted, limiting the number of visitors is 2,300 people a day (about 700 individual tickets), after 17:00 every day, it sells the next day and later tickets, the pre-sale ticket limited 4 per person, you must line up for tickets one day in advance, certificate and identity card number must be provided, according to the sequence of queuing, ticket marked on the card the next day’s tour time, buy enter ticket with your ID card in the gate of Potala Palace.

Namjagbarwa Peak is the highest mountain in Nyingchi Prefecture

Namjagbarwa Peak is the highest mountain in Nyingchi Prefecture, Tibet. It ranks 16th among the highest mountains above the sea level with an elevation of 7782 meters.

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The most mysterious thing is that at each end of the Himalayas two peaks stand on the mysterious tectonic knots: at the eastern end stands Namjagbarwa (7,782 meters), the world’s 15th highest peak, and at the western end Nanga Parbat (8,125 meters), the world’s ninth highest peak.
Namcha Barwa is in an isolated part of southeastern Tibet rarely visited by outsiders. It stands inside the Great Bend of the Yarlung Tsangpo River as the river enters its notable gorge across the Himalaya, emerging as the Dihang and becoming the Brahmaputra. Namcha Barwa’s sister peak Gyala Peri 7,294 metres rises across the gorge 22 km to the NNW.

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In Tibetan, Namjagbarwa means a “long lance piercing into the sky.” The sky-scraping Namjagbarwa Peak, with its majestic appearance, precipitous shape and unpredictable climate, has been an ambitious aim of mountain-climbing organizations from various countries, and was only conquered recently by a Sino-Japanese climbing team in 1992.

The Siling Lake lies at an altitude of 4530 meters in Tibet

In Tibet, there are many such lakes with paleo-shorelines that can be used for reconstructions of climate history. Despite the fact that many paleo-shorelines are well preserved in Tibet, dating them has been seriously hindered by various difficulties.

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The Siling Lake  lies at an altitude of 4530 meters. It is a salt lake. It is fed by the rivers Za’gya Zangbo (扎加藏布) and the Boques Tsangpo (波曲藏布). With an area of 1865 square kilometers, Siling Co is the second largest saltwater lake in the northern Tibetan Plateau and forms part of the Siling Co National Nature Reserve (also Selincuo Reserve or Xainza Nature Reserve). The 400,000 hectare reserve was established in 1993 and contains significant populations of black-necked cranes and some 120 species of birds in total. The lake itself, however, only has a single species, Gymnocypris selincuoensis, exploited by fishermen. The prairie on the banks of the lake is traditionally used as grazing land for yaks and sheep.

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The areas of Selincuo Lake are larger than that of Namucuo Lake, and it becomes the largest saltwater lake in Tibet autonomous region now. The increases of air temperature and surface temperature lead to ice and snow melting, permafrost melting, which are the main reasons resulting in the lake rising. The above analysis shows that EOS/MODIS data are suitable to discuss the areas changes of lakes.

The Pala Manor in Tibet

Pala Manor is ten minutes driving from Gyangtse. As the best-preserved manor in Tibet, Pala will show you the lifestyle of wealthy landed family who once lived here. The former owner was a Bhutanese chief moved to Tibet with his family where in due course he became a local official. At the time of the Tibet Democratic Reform in 1959 he left Tibet along with the Dalai Lama to live in exile. The Pala Manor we see today still has 57 houses on an estate of 5000 square metres. The maze of rooms is richly decorated with exquisitely carved beams and painted rafters.

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The Pala Manor we see today still has fifty-seven houses on an estate with an area of approximately 5000 square metres (1.24 acres). The main building is a three-storey structure that includes a scripture hall, reception hall, and bedrooms. In addition to the lobby used for playing the Chinese game of Majiang there are many other reception halls. The maze of rooms is richly decorated with exquisitely carved beams and painted rafters.

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One will be genuinely amazed by what can beThe house in Pala Manor seen on display here, for many of the original contents of the reception rooms and bedrooms remain on show. Among the items there are an ox horn that would be filled with Qingke (a highland barley wine), fine porcelain bowls for containing ghee, an ivory Majiang set as well as precious fur clothes, glass cups, tins of biscuits and whiskey imported from Britain. The sun-room walls are hung with tiger and deer skins and further evidence of the wealth of the former owner are such things as a gold saddle and two gramophones that were manufactured in Great Britain. The other recreation rooms include a modern gymnasium with facilities for table tennis, badminton and other physical training equipment including ice-skates.

The Zanda soil forest landscape in the feet of Himalayan Mountain tops

    Zanda county through the forest soil ditch, ‘pocket’ instantly presented in front of this town is empty and serene, has been walking along the bare soil Street, soon will be able to see that statue in Torrington Square has a symbolic significance elephant sculpture, sculpture next to the Tuolin Si Ali area people’s pilgrimage to the Holy Land.

 
    The clay forest, formed by erosion of water, is called in Geology “the Level Terrane Physiognomy”. It is the sediment stratum, composed by sandstone and clay. Because the Level Terrine and sandstone are of quality easy to develop upright, the valley is deep with canaliculus can reach 100 to 200 meters.

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    The Zanda soil forest landscape in the feet of Himalayan Mountain tops, in Zanda County of Ali Prefecture, China’s Tibet Autonomous Region. Resulted in the geographic changes throughout the Himalayan orogeny, the landscape forms a distinctive and magnificent scenery.

Tibet is a mysterious place

Tibet, this stands at the top of the world in the city, the average elevation of four thousand meters above the snowy plateau gestated from generation to generation of the Tibetan people, they love this piece of land, they use their enthusiasm in this land, carry forward. If you want to come here to travel, it must first look at the culture of Tibet, this will provide you travel help.

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Talking about Tibet’s culture, it should be from the Tibet festivals. Tibetan is one of the many festivals, it is said that this year have greatly small 100 Festival. In the every kind of festival contains different meaning. We have to say that the Tibetan New Year. The Tibetan beginning in January 1st, Tibet is the most solemn holiday; there is the Lantern Festival, the lunar January fifteen people light a lot of butter lamp, lamp holder, and build a lighthouse, also with the butter sculpture painting and various patterns, is very good! Besides these there are some Tibetan people must celebrate the holiday, which I have no one one was introduced, which you have come here to experience will have the feeling.

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Tibet is a mysterious place, its quiet its sanctity, the dream of everyone here will be pure, here is the Tibet, a let you cherished place, your every act and every move can let Buddha discerned, your heart here by the pious washing, your everything about life disruption and not be understood become meaningless, you in here, don’t think of sad thing, the scenery here in heaven with you around, your physical and mental Piaoyang, you all here quietly hide, to look at the mysterious and profound.

Naimona’nyi Peak stands by Lake Manasarovar

Naimona’nyi Peak stands by Lake Manasarovar. It has an altitude of 7694 meters. It is the fifth highest mountain among the five Goddess Mountains of Himalayas. It is regarded as a holy mountain which controls the intelligence and life span by Tibetans.

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Naimona’nyi Peak has six main mountain ridges and there are dozens of mountains with an altitude of more than 6000 meters on these ridges. The cliffs here are pretty precipitous and there is an arête with a height difference of 2000 meters on the east side of Naimona’nyi Peak. There are five magnificent giant glaciers w on the west of the peak.

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Naimona’nyi Peak was opened as a mountaineering region and scientific research area in 1980s. The geologic investigation and some mountaineering activities organized by Sino-foreign joint mountaineering team were held here. In 1985, the Sino-Japan Joint Mountaineering Team conquered Naimona’nyi Peak successfully.

Yerpa is one of the holiest cave trtreats ever

Drak Yerpa is about 18 miles to the norhteast of Lhasa, it is probably not of great interest for the average traveller, but for those with a particular interest in Tibetan Buddhism, Yerpa is one of the holiest cave trtreats ever. At one time the hill at the base of the Cave— dotted cliffs was home to Yerpa Monastery. The history of Dark Yerpa includes many of the great names responsible for the establishment of Buddhism in Tibet Emperor Songtsen Gampo meditated in seclusion here: Guru Rimpoche and several of his disciples also meditated here. Here Jowo Atisha chose to preach extensively. Although the ancient Kadampa Gompa has been destroyed, the geomantic qualities that made Drak Yerpa a major power place still remail and still attract hermits to its caves.

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Yerpa, also called Brag Yer-pa, Drak Yerpa, Dagyeba, Dayerpa or Trayerpa, is about 16 km northeast of Lhasa on the northern bank of the Kyichu River. Walking for another 10 km, you then reach the spectacular limestone cliffs of the Yerpa Valley, also the location of one group of the famous ancient meditation caves in Tibet. The other famous group of meditation caves in Tibet is located at Chim-puk Hermitage in Lhokha.
  In the Valley are a number of small Drak Yerpa temples, shrines and Drak Yerpa hermitages. Also, the cliffs contain meditation sites, some of which are thought to be the earliest known meditation sites in Tibet. There are some of them that can be dated back to pre-Buddhist times. Some more famous are connected with Songtsän Gampo, first emperor to unite Tibet. The Drak Yerpa temple here was founded by Monza Triucham, his Tibetan queen.

Tashi Lhunpo Monastery is seat to the Panchen Lama

  Tashi Lhunpo Monastery is seat to the Panchen Lama, the second most important spiritual leader of Tibet. In 1447 the Monastery was founded by His Holiness the 1st Dalai Lama, Gyalwa Gendun Drup, in Shigatse, Tibet’s second largest city. It is one of the four great monasteries of Central Tibet and was supervised and looked after by the Dalai Lamas and Panchen Lamas of the Gelugpa, or Yellow Hat tradition. It has the glory of producing thousands of renowned scholars in the field of Mahayana Buddhist Philosophy and Tantra.

 
  During the lifetime of the 4th Panchen Lama, Lobsang Choekyi Gyaltsen, there were more than 3,000 monks in the Monastery and by 1959 there were 5,000, with another 2,000 monks affiliated to the monastery living outside Tibet. The Communist Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1959 and the Cultural Revolution from 1966-80 both wreaked destruction on Tibet’s monastic institutions, which lost many precious scriptures, statues and images. Many monks were killed or imprisoned and only 250 were able to follow the Dalai Lama into exile.
  The monastery was founded in 1447 CE by Gedun Drub, the nephew and disciple of the famous Buddhist philosopher Je Tsongkhapa and later named the First Dalai Lama. The construction was financed by donations from local nobles.
  In 1791 the monastery was attacked and looted by an army of Nepalese Gurkha warriors but were driven out by the Chinese who at the same time strengthened their control, over the temple and Tibet.
  Choekyi Gyalpo, the 11th Panchen Lama according to the government of the People’s Republic of China, has been enthroned there, while Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, the 11th Panchen Lama recognised by the Dalai Lama, has been held under “protective custody” by the Chinese authorities since 1995.
Tashilhunpo in its prime had over 4,000 monks and had four Tantric colleges each with its own Abbot. After the death of a Panchen Lama, these four abbots led the search for his infant incarnation and one of them always acted as a prime minister of Tsang under the control of the Dalai Lama in Lhasa.