Guangzhou White Cloud Mountain (Baiyun Mountain) lies in the northern outskirts of the city. The mountain range is about 7.5 kilometers (4.7 miles) north of Guangzhou and is made up of 30 odd peaks, with an area of 28 square meters (33.5 square yards). The Mountain was called White Cloud because of the forming of a white cloud over its range. Its highest peak is Moxing Peak standing in the center of the mountain, 380 meters (1,246.7 feet) above sea level. It is also called ‘the First Peak under the Southern Sky’.
The name of the mountain derives from the view of peaks shrouded by white clouds in late Spring or when the sky clears after rain. Baiyun Mountain has been a scenic spot since ancient times. The fame of the mountain dates back before the city of Guangzhou was established, when it was occasionally visited by celebrities of as early as the Warring States Period (476 BC–221 BC). It had become known for its beauty in Jin Dynasty (265–420) and reputed as a tourist attraction in Tang Dynasty (618–897).
The Yuntai Garden, located snugly at the southern foot of the Baiyun Mountain, is China’s largest landscaped garden with ornamental exotic flowers and plants. The garden regularly presents various thematic flower shows, attracting a steady stream of visitors. Since its opening, the garden has played host to several party and state leaders, as well as mayors of Guangzhou’s sister cities. It enjoys a prestigious reputation in China and abroad.